Increases in hard surfaces such as pavement, roads and housing development have an impact on the process of run-off, infiltration and erosion. When trees and natural vegetation cover is replaced with hard surfaces the water runs off more quickly and soaks in less.
Hard surfaces may cause:
Examples of innovations to address issues associated with hard surfaces include:
Last updated: 22 March 2013
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Hard surfaces, WetlandInfo, Department of Environment and Science, Queensland, viewed 17 May 2018, .