Skip links and keyboard navigation

User defined wetlands fact sheet

The user defined wetlands fact sheet tool allows you to create your own Queensland Wetland Program fact sheet based on your needs. Use the topic list and then click the relevant sections you wish to include. Those sections are then placed in a PDF format.

How to use?

  1. Enter your organisations name
  2. Use the 'Add new text section' button to add free text information to the fact sheet
  3. Select a topic by clicking on the box on the left. Please note:
    • you can change the order of the topics by dragging and dropping them in the order of preference
    • some topics say 'click on link'. if you click on that link you will be provided with a list of options. Once selected the topics will be added to your list. Once in the list you can modify the order as you can any other list item.
  4. Once a topic is selected, you can right click on the topic and you will see 3 options:
    • add introductory text to this topic: if selected the content typed into the box will appear above the topic standard content from the website
    • exclude standard content from this topic: if selected only a link will be provided, the standard text associated with the topic from the website will be excluded
    • add supplementary text to this topic: if selected the content typed into the box will appear below the topic standard content
  5. If you save the URL link at the top of the page, you will be able to save the selections
  6. Use the Generate PDF button at the bottom of the page to generate the PDF.

Enter your organisation name:

Select and sort topics:

About us


WetlandSummary


What are wetlands?


Wetland management

Hydrology

Wetland assessment


Wetland ecology

Shorebird locations in Queensland
Catchment stories

Resources

Generating PDF fact sheet

Your fact sheet is being generated and should appear shortly as a download in your browser.

You may then close this dialog window to generate a new fact sheet.

Select areas to include in the fact sheet:

  • 100K map tiles
  • Queensland
  • Drainage divisions
  • Drainage basins
  • Drainage sub-basins
  • Regional NRM bodies
  • Local government areas
  • Bioregions
  • IBRA bioregions
  • Ramsar wetlands
  • DIWA wetlands
  • World Heritage areas
  • National parks
  • Marine parks (Queensland)
  • Fish habitat areas
  • Study areas
  • Report cards (organisation)
  • Regional plans
  • Water resource planning areas
  • WQIP areas

Select reports to include in the fact sheet:

Year of publication Title of publication Type of publication Description
Various Plant guides Field guide

User friendly illustrated field guide that offers comprehensive information on the wetland plants of the area. 

Plant selection for WSUD: WSUD design guidelines for Mackay

Wetland Plants of the Wet Tropics

Wetland plants of the Townsville—Burdekin floodplain

2016 Wetlands in the Great Barrier Reef Catchments Management Strategy 2016–21 Strategy framework

The strategy supports the Reef 2050 Long Term Sustainability Plan and the Reef Water Quality Improvement Plan 2013, setting out a framework for the improved management of the wetlands of the Great Barrier Reef catchments. It builds on the achievements of the Queensland Wetlands Program and recognises wetlands as vital to the health of the Great Barrier Reef ecosystem and its catchments.

This strategy includes five themes: improved information; planning; on-ground management; communication and education; and evaluation, review and improvement.

2016 Integrating high value grazing and wetland managment on Torilla Plain Case Study Managers of the five grazing properties that cover Torilla Plain, adjoining Broad Sound in Central Queensland, have developed productive resilient enterprises for breeding and fattening of cattle. Wise use of natural pastures on their marine plain is the key.
2015-2016 Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems Handbooks Report

The groundwater dependent ecosystems (GDEs) handbooks provide consolidated information on where and how groundwater moves through a catchment and where groundwater may interact with ecosystems.

  • Handbook for groundwater dependent ecosystems in South East Queensland
  • Groundwater dependent ecosystem mapping: Comet, Dawson and Mackenzie catchments
  • Lake Eyre Basin Springs Assessment Project Groundwater Dependent Ecosystem Mapping Report
2016 Plant selection for WSUD: WSUD design guidelines for Mackay Guideline

Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) is a reasonably new approach to urban stormwater quality management.

It is important that local plant selection is given appropriate consideration as a matter of priority.

These Technical Design Guidelines puts forward plant recommendations chosen by a team of horticultural experts. It also contains practical design drawings illustrating how they apply.

2016 Waterhole refuge mapping and persistence analysis in the Lower Balonne and Barwon–Darling rivers Report

To inform the management of river systems consistent with the Murray–Darling Basin Plan, there is a need to understand how long waterholes can persist and how the spatial distribution of persistent waterholes changes as a drought progresses. The waterholes project was commissioned by the Murray–Darling Basin Authority to improve understanding of the location and persistence of waterholes in the Lower Balonne and Barwon–Darling regions of the northern Basin as part of the Northern Basin review. The project was undertaken through the Department of Science, Information Technology and Innovation (Queensland) and the Department of Primary Industries, Water (NSW).

2015 A landscape hazard assessment for wetlands in the Great Barrier Reef catchment Fact sheet

This report details the approach taken to assess hazards to lacustrine and palustrine wetlands in the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) catchments in Queensland. It provides a landscape scale assessment of hazard (as opposed to fully quantified 'risk') arising from land-use, and is conducted as a desktop GIS analysis.

In particular the assessment aims to:

  • characterise human induced pressures arising from land-use
  • enable the attribution of mapped wetlands with a modelled level of hazard.
2015 Wetland naming protocol fact sheet Fact sheet

The Queensland Government encourages the community to suggest new names for geographic features in Queensland that have yet to be officially named.

The place naming process includes consideration of naming issues, provision of recommendations to the relevant Minister under the Place Names Act 1994, publication of notices and maintenance of the gazetteer or register of place names.

2014

Western Cape York groundwater study: 2. Groundwater dependent ecosystems investigation supporting the assessment of groundwater sustainability in the Great Artesian Basin of Cape York and

Attachment 1: Spatial analysis technical description and maps of potential groundwater dependent ecosystems

Report

Investigates the risks to groundwater dependent ecosystems (GDEs) which may potentially have reliance upon the Great Artesian Basin (GAB) across the Cape York Peninsula.

GDEs support important biodiversity values and they are recognised as particularly important on Cape York Peninsula, where access to groundwater provides a water source to ecosystems during the long dry season. Groundwater on Cape York Peninsula is present in both local surface aquifers, and the larger regional water table of the Great Artesian Basin.

2014 Managing water for the farm and environment with Jeppesen Farming Company Case Study Tony and Mandy Jeppesen, along with sons Ben and Sam, own and manage a cane farm in the Whitsunday region of Queensland. Over the past decade, the Jeppesens have implemented changes across the farm to improve water management.
2014 Beef cattle: Managing frontage country and wetlands Case Study David and Dianne Hood have been managing the Kirkton property in the Burdekin catchment since 2004 to improve beef production and enhance local wetlands. The property was in poor condition when purchased, partly due to drought, with degraded pastures dominated by weeds. They have been investing in new infrastructure to better manage the herd, allowing wet season spelling and weed control. This has led to improved land condition and better management of frontage country, with benefits to adjoining wetlands.
2014 Queensland Wetland Program (Program) Phase 2 Strategic Management Audit

Report

The Queensland Wetlands Program (Program) has been running for nearly 10 years and has delivered more than 70 projects. There have been three phases of the Program: Phase 1 (2003-2008), the Transitional Phase (2009-2010) and Phase 2 (2010-2013).

An evaluation of Phase 1 was undertaken in 2009 by a non-government agency, while for Phase 2, a smaller management audit has been undertaken by the Department of Environment and Heritage Protection (EHP) independently of the Program.

2013 On-farm wetland demonstration site–Lower Burdekin and video Case study Demonstrates the rehabilitation of a wetland on a cane farming property.

Watch the video to follow the rehabilitation process.

2013 De Moleyns Lagoon rehabilitation and monitoring project Case study

Demonstrates wetland rehabilitation and monitoring outcomes in agricultural production areas in the Mackay-Whitsunday region.

2013 Sediment basins Fact sheet Provides advice to extension officers and land managers on the use of sediment basins to improve run-off water quality, specific to coastal agriculture in the wet/dry tropics region between central and Far North Queensland.
2013 Buffer strips Fact sheet Provides advice to extension officers and land managers on the use of buffer strips to improve farm run-off water quality, specific to coastal agriculture in the wet/dry tropics region between central and Far North Queensland.
2013 Vegetated swales and drains Fact sheet Provides advice to extension officers and land owners on the use of vegetated swales and drains to improve farm run-off water quality, specific to coastal agriculture in the wet/dry tropics region between central and Far North Queensland.
2013 Farm run-off treatment systems—toolkit Fact sheet Provides advice to extension officers and land managers on planning and designing farm run-off treatment trains, specific to coastal agriculture in the wet/dry tropics region between central and Far North Queensland.
2013 Constructed (treatment) wetlands Fact sheet Provides advice to extension officers and land managers on the use of constructed (treatment) wetlands to improve farm run-off water quality, specific to coastal agriculture in the wet/dry tropics region between central and Far North Queensland.
2013 Waterbird and shorebird surveys of the Bowling Green Bay Ramsar site Report

Beginning in 2011 this study consisted of four surveys of the coastal high tide roosts for shorebirds, and additional aerial and ground surveys of nearby wetlands, north of Ayr. The aim of the study was to provide a detailed assessment of the distribution and abundance of shorebirds and waterbirds in the Bowling Green Bay Ramsar Site.

2013 Pictures worth a thousand words: A guide to pictorial conceptual modelling Guideline This report provides a guideline on how to create conceptual models.
2013 Wetland Buffer Case Study: Lake Broadwater Case study This case study demonstrates how the Queensland Wetland Program Buffer Planning Guideline has been used to develop a buffer for Lake Broadwater in the Condamine-Balonne catchment of the Murray-Darling basin.
2013 Establishing a rotational grazing system in box-mulga country, Wallam Creek Case study

Boosting the capacity to optimise ground cover and grazing business outcomes by subdividing paddocks into many smaller units, each served by off-stream watering points. Environmental benefits include reduced soil erosion and improved condition of the riparian zone.

2013 Managing water and grazing in Warrego floodplain and mulga country Case study Complementary strategies to manage water and animals in grazing enterprise. By increasing control of flowing water and livestock habits, benefits have occurred for sustainable production, biodiversity and the condition of riverine and other wetland systems.

2013 Guidelines and template for preparing a wetland management plan Guideline

These guidelines have been produced for use by landholders engaged in grazing and dryland cropping in two inland river basins of Queensland: the Queensland Murray-Darling and the Bulloo. Most of the material is applicable much more widely across inland regions of Queensland and Australia generally.

It outlines a step-by-step process for preparing a wetland management plan and a template (model) is provided allowing landholders and other wetland managers to easily insert the necessary information into an appropriate format.

2012 Walking the landscape—A whole-of-system framework for understanding and mapping environmental processes and values Guideline

The 'Walking the landscape' framework integrates existing data with expert knowledge to develop a whole-of-system map linked to conceptual models showing how the environment functions. The method addresses one of the major criticisms of broadscale mapping—the lack of integration of knowledge from local experts into datasets used by decision makers.

2012 Framework for evaluating aquatic ecosystem connectivity Guideline

The connectivity framework describes a process for systematically and transparently working through the connectivity of relevant functions of an aquatic ecosystem, and provides a way of understanding and applying connectivity at any level of spatial scale for any management outcome.

The framework was developed through expert workshops involving policy makers and scientists from a wide range of disciplines from state, local and federal government bodies and universities.

2015 Queensland Groundwater Dependent Ecosystem Mapping and Classification Method Methodology The method behind the development of baseline mapping and classification of groundwater dependent ecosystems in Queensland.
2011 Identification of High Conservation Value Aquatic Ecosystems (HCVAE) in the Queensland Murray Darling Basin through targeted collection of wetland inventory data across the northern basin—Technical report Report The project was undertaken as part of the Queensland Wetlands Program – Phase 2. The project collected and collated data for 62 wetlands. The wetland sites were predominantly freshwater non-riverine wetlands with five riverine wetlands sampled opportunistically. The data was used to identify and classify areas of high conservation value.
2011 Queensland Wetland Buffer Planning Guideline Guideline

Provides the steps for designing a wetland buffer and identifies its benefits and future management needs.

Use this guideline in palustrine, lacustrine, estuarine and marine wetland systems. The concepts behind the method can also be used for buffers around riverine and artificial wetlands. Using the guideline requires expert knowledge of wetlands.

An important tool to support users who want to meet the requirements of the State Planning Policy Protecting Wetlands of a High Ecological Significance in Great Barrier Reef Catchments. However it does not over-ride legislative requirements.

2011 Grazing for Healthy Coastal Wetlands:Guidelines for managing coastal wetlands in grazing systems Guideline

Developed to provide graziers, landowners and extension officers with information on managing grazing in and around Queensland's coastal wetlands to maintain healthy coastal wetlands and productive grazing enterprises.

It provides practical advice on how grazing and associated land management practices can be implemented to support the long-term health of coastal wetlands whilst maintaining production.

2011 Indicators in Reduction in Soils Report

Reports on the Indicator of Reduction in Soils (IRIS) method for identifying wetlands and demonstrates how to use the method on wetlands in Queensland. Field indicators of ephemeral wetlands can be hard to find in dry times. Wetland soils—identified by reducing conditions—become a major indicator of existence and extent.

The IRIS method uses synthetic iron oxides to indicate anaerobic conditions in soils to indicate the presence of wetlands. Wetland managers and decision makers may use the IRIS method as an additional line of evidence to identify wetland extent.

2011 Hydro-climate tool user guide User guide Developed to help users use the Hydro-climate tool—interactive tool that relates stream discharge, rainfall and run-off to the Queensland wetland mapping images.
2011 Hydrological Characterisation for Wetlands and Wetland Imagery Methodology

Describes the method behind the development of the associated interactive tool that relates zonal discharge and rainfall to the imagery used as a base for the Queensland wetland mapping. The tool provides a historical context to how the maximum extent of the wetlands and the water regime ratings were determined.

The information may also be used for the evaluation of the circumstances that lead to wetland filling and the changes in wetland filling processes for different wetland types. This is important for wetland assessment and management of wetlands at a subregional scale.

2010-2011 Conceptual model case study series Case study Vibrant, easy-to-understand illustrated guides to selected individual wetlands in Queensland. They offer site-specific, science in the form of conceptual models and text to support and inform management and cover a wide variety of wetland issues and types. The technique used for developing the conceptual models can be implemented by local wetland managers anywhere in Queensland.
2009-2016

Instream structure inventory program

Reports and GIS

The Inventory of Instream Structures program demonstrates the impacts of structures which threaten the health of local fish populations that support important recreational and commercial fisheries and associated wetland functions. The guidelines and report feature a Response Action Plan (RAP) that nominates specific recommendations actions to protect wetland values.

Please note: the findings of the above reports are current at time of publication. Given the dynamic nature of the environment, the status of instream structures and identified issues will require review before implementing management recommendations.

2010 Queensland Wetland Definition and Delineation Guideline Part A and Part B Guideline

Comprises two parts.

Part A is a guide to existing wetland definitions and how to apply the Queensland Wetlands Program wetland definition.

Part B is the delineation and mapping guideline.

2010 Refugial Waterholes Project Research Highlights Report Waterhole refugia play a vital role in many river systems, allowing aquatic taxa to survive periods when there is no flow and surface water availability is limited. An understanding of the role and function of refugial waterholes is necessary to best manage these habitats, and ensure that risk to waterhole-dwelling biota is minimised. In order to maintain viable regional populations of biota, refugia must be able to support both the resistance and resilience of local populations. This requires the persistence of good-quality waterhole habitats for the duration of dry spells, as well as connectivity between them during flows. A number of investigations on the themes of persistence, quality and connectivity, to provide knowledge for decision-making.
2009 Wetland Management Handbook: Farm Management Systems guidelines for managing wetlands in intensive agriculture Guideline

Contains information and guidelines to help producers and extension officers protect the functions of Queensland’s wetlands in intensive agricultural production systems. The Handbook follows the Farm Management System approach to managing agricultural businesses.

The Handbook provides for all aspects of best practice wetlands management in intensive agricultural operations and covers such topics as nutrient, erosion and sediment management; spray-drift management; management for fisheries values; and weed and pest animal management.  It also contains a component on constructed wetlands design.

2009 Queensland Wetlands Program evaluation Report

An independent evaluation of the first phase of the Queensland Wetlands Program (2003-2009) in 2009.

 

The evaluation, conducted by Halcrow Pacific Pty Ltd and Institute of Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney, was to determine the Program’s effectiveness in meeting its aim and project objectives.

The Program aim is to support projects that will result in long-term benefits to the sustainable use, management, conservation and protection of Queensland wetlands.

The evaluation looked at the Program’s five focus areas:

  • improving the wetland information base
  • wetland planning arrangements
  • on-ground activities to protect and rehabilitate wetlands
  • education and capacity building
  • communication, monitoring, evaluation and reporting and review.
2008 Wetland Rehabilitation Guidelines: for the Great Barrier Reef catchment Guideline

Developed to assist wetland managers including landholders, local councils and Natural Resource Management bodies to undertake effective wetland rehabilitation. The guidelines draw on existing research and experience including works undertaken in the Queensland.

Produced under the Great Barrier Reef Queensland Wetlands Program, Wetland Care Australia was commissioned, by the Australian Government.

2008 The Soil Indicators of Queensland Wetlands: State-wide Assessment and Methodology Methodology Details and discusses findings of a statewide assessment of wetland soil indicators conducted by the Department of Natural Resources and Water during 2007 and 2008 under the Queensland Wetlands Program (QWP). The definition developed through the QWP is based on the Ramsar definition and includes a component on wetland soil features. To be useful at a finer scale, this definition needs a scientifically robust method for applying wetland soil indicators. This study concludes that the formation of soil indicators in Queensland is influenced greatly by climatic region (tropical/equatorial, subtropical, semiarid and arid), wetland system (palustrine, lacustrine and estuarine) and by inundation frequency (periodically or commonly wet).
2008 Soil Indicators of Queensland Wetlands:Field Guide Field guide Developed to assist in the field identification of wetland soil indicators in Queensland, and is intended to be read and used in conjunction with the Soil Indicators of Queensland Wetlands: State-wide Assessment and Methodology.
2007 Understanding Ecological and Biophysical Processes in Queensland’s Wetlands: Literature Review and Gap Analysis Report

To help reduce the challenges of accessing wetland science the Queensland Wetlands Program with the Department of Natural Resources and Mines developed a report that focuses on:

  • information relating to causal relationships between wetlands and Great Barrier Reef water quality
  • research on how wetland ecosystems function
  • research on the role wetlands play in landscape processes—in particular the improvement of downstream water quality
  • research assessing the ‘health’ of wetlands in an ecological context; and the implications of research for the protection, management and restoration of degraded wetlands.
2007 Soil Indicators of Queensland Wetlands Phase 1: Literature Review and Case Studies Report and case studies Soils are potentially powerful indicators of wetland dynamics because of the specific morphological features that develop in wet environments. This review of national and international scientific literature evaluates the ability of indicators often found within soils to reliably predict wetland boundaries. The report highlights two case studies of wetlands within Southern and Central Queensland to test if predictable relationships exist between soil indicators identified within the literature and wetland status for Queensland wetland soils.
2007 Scoping Study for Monitoring Wetland Extent and Condition Report Review of relevant national and international literature on wetland condition and extent indicators and methodology as they relate to monitoring. It provides a scoping study to help determine appropriate resource condition indicators and methodologies for wetland monitoring for different wetland types, including a set of national indicators. The Report identifies existing monitoring programs and highlights areas where monitoring is deficient for Inventory Database requirements (temporal and spatial). It also identifies resource condition parameters for inclusion in the Wetlands Inventory Database, criteria for resource condition monitoring, makes recommendations for developing conceptual understandings of wetland types, and consolidates links to other Queensland Wetlands Program projects.
2007 Census of Regional Body Wetland Activities Report

In 2007, an independent review was undertaken to analyse how wetland activities aligned between regional bodies and the objectives of the QWP.

It contains detailed regional profiles for each of the 14 natural resource management regions of Queensland with each profile identifying key achievements, wetland activities and future directions.

The review concluded that many of the regional body wetland activities were contributing to the QWP objectives and were complemented and supported by the products from the QWP.

2007 Great Barrier Reef Coastal Wetlands Protection Programme—Pilot Program 2005-2007—Final Report Report

The Report evaluates the GBR Coastal Wetland Protection Programme including a description of achievements against objectives, an evaluation of the success of the pilot programme, and the appropriateness of approaches used.

2005 Sustainable Land Management and Wetlands Conservation on Freehold and Leasehold Land in the Great Barrier Reef Catchment Report The purpose of this study was to provide recommendations to the Australian Government on an appropriate mix of incentives to increase sustainable land management practices on freehold and leasehold land, particularly with reference to wetland areas in the Great Barrier Reef catchment NRM regions. The study consists of three separate but linked investigations
2005 Wetland mapping and classification methodology—Overall framework—A method to provide baseline mapping and classification for wetlands in Queensland Methodology The method used to map and classify Queensland's wetlands.
Various Wetland management case studies Case study 22 case studies based on the Great Barrier Reef Coastal Wetlands Protection Program Pilot Program commissioned by the Australian Government to deliver on-ground actions for the sustainable management of 22 priority wetlands in the Great Barrier Reef catchment.
Various Conceptual model case study series Case studies

Conceptual model case studies for selected wetlands in Queensland. Site-specific information and science on a wide variety of wetland issues. Informs and supports management. The technique used for developing the conceptual models can be implemented by local wetland managers anywhere in Queensland.

Various Environmental value reports online Fact sheet

This online portal is used for querying information on specific environmental values, by location.

Report types:

  • matters of state environmental significance
  • regional ecosystems
  • terrestrial biodiversity and aquatic conservation values.

Select tools and guides to include in the fact sheet:

Guidelines, reports and tools

Title Industry Year of publication Description
Vegetation recovery in inland wetlands: an Australian perspective All 2017 This review is concerned with deliberate or planned change of vegetation from one state to another, a process that is here called recovery but which refers to activities such as restoration, rehabilitation and repair. The aim is to present a useful and accessible summary of ecological understanding about wetland vegetation recovery, as it relates to Australia. This is an essential step in the development of scientifically sound tools that will assist wetland practitioners to be more effective in restoring wetland vegetation.
Plant guides All Various

User friendly illustrated field guide that offers comprehensive information on the wetland plants of the area. 

Plant selection for WSUD: WSUD design guidelines for Mackay

Wetland Plants of the Wet Tropics

Wetland plants of the Townsville—Burdekin floodplain

Wetlands in the Great Barrier Reef Catchments Management Strategy 2016–21 All 2016

The strategy supports the The Reef 2050 Long Term Sustainability Plan and the Reef Water Quality Improvement Plan 2013, setting out a framework for the improved management of the wetlands of the Great Barrier Reef catchments. It builds on the achievements of the Queensland Wetlands Program and recognises wetlands as vital to the health of the Great Barrier Reef ecosystem and its catchments.

This strategy includes five themes: improved information; planning; on-ground management; communication and education; and evaluation, review and improvement.

Sediment and Erosion Control All 2016

Healthy Waterways Erosion and Sediment Control Toolkit. Find out about erosion and sediment controls you can adopt to help reduce the amount of sediment run-off from your development.

Erosion and sediment control (ESC) on construction sites. The State Planning Policy and Sustainable Planning Act 2009 (SPA) regulate future planning and development and development approvals should include provisions relating to construction and operation of developments. 

Hydro-climate tool All 2006

Explains how satellite images are used to represent inundation in the development of wetland mapping.

Information can be used to guide ecological assessments and aquatic connectivity studies. It provides a selection of imagery, based on inundation extents.

WetlandSummary All 2012 Maps, statistics, reports, species lists, conceptual models and more based on your area of choice
Managing riparian areas on dairy farms Dairy 2006 Economic assessment tools

Assessment of sub-surface (reed-bed) treatment wetlands All 2006 Economic assessment tools

Queensland Flood Reconstruction Authority Mapping All 2011 Flood check map and more.
Guidelines and information for policy and legislation see relevant section All Various

 

Rocklea Industrial Area Littering and Illegal Dumping Research - Final Report All 2016 This report outlines the outcomes of the Rocklea – Stable Swamp Creek Industrial Area research into behaviours for littering and illegal dumping.
Plant selection for WSUD: WSUD design guidelines for Mackay All 2016

Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) is a reasonably new approach to urban stormwater quality management.

It is important that local plant selection is given appropriate consideration as a matter of priority.

These Technical Design Guidelines puts forward plant recommendations chosen by a team of horticultural experts. It also contains practical design drawings illustrating how they apply.

Duplicate name or ID: plant
Mangrove and associated communities of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia: change in extent 1955-1997-2012 All 2016 Qld Herbarium report showing the change in extent between Mangrove and associated communities of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. An interactive map viewer that uses a swipe map to show the changes in extent of mangrove and associated communities of Moreton Bay is also available.
The Mangrove vegetation of Moreton Bay All 1986 A descriptive account of the mangrove vegetation and a series of 10 maps at a scale of 1:25 000 prepared for the area from Caloundra to Southport on the southern Queensland coast.
Coastal wetlands of South East Queensland: mapping and survey All 2001 A survey of the coastal wetlands vegetation communities and to produce maps of the vegetation communities subject to coastal influence for south-east Queensland from the boundary of Noosa Shire and Maroochy
Shire in the north to the Queensland-New South Wales border in the south.
Gully Toolbox: A technical guide for the Reef Trust Gully Erosion Control Programme 2015–16 All 2016 This document provides a specification of the gully erosion control activities that can be undertaken.
Great Barrier Reef vulnerability assessments All 2016 As an integral part of the Great Barrier Reef Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2013, vulnerability assessments are being undertaken on habitats, species and groups of species identified as being potentially at risk. These assessments will help inform the strategy's management priorities.
Adahttps://www.nccarf.edu.au/synthesis/adaptive-management-ramsar-wetlandse management of Ramsar wetlands All 2013 The project adopts a generic approach allowing the framework to be transferred to other wetlands, including Ramsar listed wetlands, supplied by rivers ranging from highly regulated to free flowing. The integration of management with science allows key indicators to be monitored that will inform management and promote increasingly informed decisions. The project involved a multi-disciplinary team of scientists and managers working on one of the more difficult challenges for Australia, exacerbated by increasing impacts of climate change on flows and inundation patterns.
Why do Fish Need to Cross the Road? Fish Passage Requirements for Waterway Crossings All 2003 A NSW Fisheries guideline. This document aims to minimise impacts on fish passage and general aquatic wildlife by providing practical guidelines to those involved in the planning, design, construction and maintenance of waterway crossings.
A guide to managing and restoring wetlands in Western Australia All 2013

The guides chapters include Planning for wetland management; Understanding wetlands; Managing wetlands; Monitoring wetlands; and Protecting wetlands

Nutrients and herbicides in groundwater flows to the Great Barrier Reef All 2012 This report works towards a key objective of the Reef Water Quality Protection Plan to reduce the amounts of nutrients and herbicides entering the Reef. It provides an up-to-date review and synthesis of current knowledge of groundwater transport of nutrients and herbicides to the Reef, from aquifers across the Wet Tropics, Lower Burdekin and Mackay–Whitsunday areas.
Handbook 7—Managing the floodplain—a guide to best practice in flood risk management in Australia All 2013

This handbook provides advice on the management of flooding within the floodplains and catchments of waterways.

It aims to provide advice to those with roles in understanding and managing flood risk and its consequences on the community. This may include emergency management practitioners, flood risk managers, land-use planners, engineers, hydrologists, infrastructure providers, and policy and decision makers, within government and the broader industry. It aims to inform national best practice, and State and Territory guidance.
Identification of High Conservation Value Aquatic Ecosystems (HCVAE) in the Queensland Murray Darling Basin through targeted collection of wetland inventory data across the northern basin—Technical report All 2011 The project was undertaken as part of the Queensland Wetlands Program – Phase 2. The project collected and collated data for 62 wetlands. The wetland sites were predominantly freshwater non-riverine wetlands with five riverine wetlands sampled opportunistically. The data was used to identify and classify areas of high conservation value.
Waterbody Management Guideline Local Government 2013

Assists local governments in South East Queensland to manage waterbodies. The guideline was commissioned by Redland City Council and speaks to all departments and disciplines within local government involved in managing waterbodies.

Grazing for Healthy Coastal Wetlands: Guidelines for managing coastal wetlands in grazing systems Grazing 2011

Provides graziers, landowners and extension officers with advice and information

Wetland Management Handbook: Farm Management Systems guidelines for managing wetlands in intensive agriculture Agriculture 2009

Contains information and guidelines to help producers and extension officers manage Queensland’s wetlands in intensive agricultural production systems. Follows the Farm Management System approach to managing agricultural businesses

Covers such topics as nutrient, erosion and sediment management; spray-drift management; management for fisheries values; weed and pest animal management and constructed wetlands design

Queensland Wetland Definition and Delineation Guideline

Part A

Part B

All 2010

Part A—Guide to existing wetland definitions and how to apply the Queensland Wetlands Program’s definition.

Part B—Delineation and mapping guideline
Queensland Wetland Buffer Planning Guideline All 2011

Use in palustrine, lacustrine, estuarine and marine wetland systems. Also suitable for buffers around riverine and artificial wetlands. Targeted at those with expert knowledge of wetlands

Wetland Rehabilitation Guidelines for the Great Barrier Reef catchment All 2008

Developed to assist wetland managers, landholders, local government and Natural Resource Management bodies to undertake effective wetland rehabilitation. Incorporates existing research and experience including works undertaken in Queensland

Although developed for the Great Barrier Reef area principles and ideas can be applied more broadly

Guidelines and template for preparing a wetland management plan All 2012

Produced for landholders engaged in grazing and dryland cropping in 2 of Queensland’s inland river basins, the Queensland Murray-Darling and the Bulloo

Applicable across all regions of Australia
Instream structure inventory program

All

2009-2011

The Inventory of Instream Structures demonstrates the impacts of structures which threaten the health of local fish populations that support important recreational and commercial fisheries and associated wetland functions. The guidelines and report feature a Response Action Plan (RAP) that nominates specific actions to protect wetland values.

Conceptual models and information on wetland types All Various

Wetlands in Queensland have been classified into types. Conceptual models describe the current scientific understanding of the ecology and the components and processes that characterise these wetland types.

These models can be used to inform management and underpin research and monitoring. 

Environmental value reports online All Various

This online portal is used for querying information on specific environmental values, by location.

Report types:

  • matters of state environmental significance
  • regional ecosystems
  • terrestrial biodiversity and aquatic conservation values.
Framework for evaluating aquatic ecosystem connectivity All 2013 The connectivity framework describes a process for systematically and transparently working through the connectivity of relevant functions of an aquatic ecosystem, and provides a way of understanding and applying connectivity at any level of spatial scale for any management outcome.
Walking the landscape—A whole-of-system framework for understanding and mapping environmental processes and values All 2013

The 'Walking the landscape' framework integrates existing data with expert knowledge to develop a whole-of-system map linked to conceptual models showing how the environment functions. The method addresses one of the major criticisms of broadscale mapping—the lack of integration of knowledge from local experts into datasets used by decision makers.

SmartCane Riparian and Wetland areas on Cane Farms Best Management Practice Guidelines Sugar 2008 The SmartCane booklets were developed as a reference for growers and their advisors to demonstrate the commitment of the industry to profitable, yet sustainable sugarcane production.

Planting Wetlands and Dams

A Practical Guide to Wetland Design, Construction and Propagation

All 2009

Printed copy only available

Author: Nick Romanowski

Publisher: Landlinks Press

Why Rehabilitate Urban River Systems Urban 2006

This paper examines the triple bottom line (economic, social and environmental) factors that influence decision making with respect to urban stream rehabilitation and management and considers their relative value and importance.

Incentive Measures for Conserving Freshwater Ecosystems All 2001 Developed to help private landholders to manage their wetland so as to retain the ecosystem services they provide
Wetlands in a dry land: understanding for management All 1997 Proceedings from the workshop
Fish habitat guidelines Fishing Various Range of guidelines and information

Soil indicators of Queensland wetlands: Statewide assessment and methodology

All 2010

Provides details of assessment methods for wetland soils in Queensland

Soil Indicators of Queensland Wetlands: Field Guide All 2008 The field guide has been developed to assist in the field identification of wetland soil indicators in Queensland.

Riparian Land Management Technical Guidelines

Vol 1 and Vol 2

All Various Volume 1 Part A provides the technical information on which management recommendations are based. The information is provided to remind, update or prompt the professional land manager, adviser or government officer about the technical issues that need to be considered. Part B provides a review of legislation
relating to riparian management in each State and Territory.
Volume 2 contains the management strategies themselves. Each guideline can be used on its own by practitioners interested in particular objectives, but readers are encouraged to look at all the guidelines to see if additional objectives can be achieved.
Best Practice Guidelines for the Control of Stormwater Pollution from Building Sites Urban/development Various A practical guide to best practice techniques to minimise stormwater pollution from building sites by the Gold Coast Council

Fact sheets

Title Industry Year of publication Description
South East Queensland (SEQ) Catchments factsheets All Various The fact sheets relate to the SEQ Catchment’s area, from Noosa in the north, west to Toowoomba, and south to the New South Wales border. The fact sheets are designed to provide information for students, teachers and anyone seeking information about the area.
Wetlands of the Great Barrier Reef catchments All 2014

Promotes the values of the wetlands in the catchments of the Great Barrier Reef. It recognises wetlands as part of the broader landscape connecting catchments to the Reef and promotes the wise management of wetlands as they are vital for protecting the world recognised values of the Great Barrier Reef. It encourages working in partnership with landowners to achieve the best outcomes as many wetlands are located on private property.

Ramsar fact sheets—a wetland of international importance

All Various A series of fact sheets on Queensland’s Ramsar sites—wetlands of international significance. These fact sheets provide information on the individual sites, their location, and ecological and cultural values.
Sediment basins All 2013 Provides advice to extension officers and land managers on the use of sediment basins to improve run-off water quality, specific to coastal agriculture in the wet/dry tropics region between central and Far North Queensland.
Buffer strips All 2013 Provides advice to extension officers and land managers on the use of buffer strips to improve farm run-off water quality, specific to coastal agriculture in the wet/dry tropics region between central and Far North Queensland.
Vegetated swales and drains All 2013 Provides advice to extension officers and land owners on the use of vegetated swales and drains to improve farm run-off water quality, specific to coastal agriculture in the wet/dry tropics region between central and Far North Queensland.
Farm run-off treatment systems—toolkit All 2013 Provides advice to extension officers and land managers on planning and designing farm run-off treatment trains, specific to coastal agriculture in the wet/dry tropics region between central and Far North Queensland.
Constructed (treatment) wetlands All 2013 Provides advice to extension officers and land managers on the use of constructed (treatment) wetlands to improve farm run-off water quality, specific to coastal agriculture in the wet/dry tropics region between central and Far North Queensland.
Wetland management profiles All Various

Designed to provide information about the distribution, ecology, cultural values, conservation status, and threats to and management of particular wetland types and wetland regional ecosystems (REs) within Queensland.

Queensland Wetlands Program (QWP) fact sheets All Various Current and past QWP project fact sheets
Wetlands of south-western Queensland All Various Developed before the Queensland Wetlands Program existed so there are differences in the typology used to classify the wetlands e.g. floodplains are not considered wetlands under the Queensland Wetlands Program wetland definition, although are important to the function of some wetlands
Planning for River Restoration—fact sheet All Various This Fact Sheet in a series dealing with the management of rivers and riparian land.
Streambank Stability—fact sheet All Various This Fact Sheet in a series dealing with the management of rivers and riparian land.

Websites

Title Industry Year of publication Description
Bureau of Meteorology climate change and variability information All Various Learn about observed climate change in Australia, explore regional climate change predictions, read about regional impacts and access reports and other publications.
Bioregional Assessment Programme All 2016

The Australian Government’s Bioregional Assessment Programme provides transparent scientific information to better understand the potential impacts of coal seam gas and coal mining developments on water resources and water-dependent assets such as wetlands and groundwater bores.

Water by Design Urban/development

Although focused at urban areas principles i.e. water run-off management can be used more broadly

Various Capacity building program that supports Water Sensitive Urban Design in South East Queensland.

They provide, fact sheets, reports, training, discussion forums and more.

Wetland International—Oceania All Various Support to NRM regional bodies and wetland managers in the management of important wetlands

Reports, facts sheets and more

Reef Water Quality Protection Plan All Various Case studies, reports and more
Funding opportunities and links All Various Links to another page on WetlandInfo
Natural Resources SA Murray Darling Basin All Various Reports, information sheets and more
Tropical Rivers and Coastal Knowledge (TRaCK) All Various Publications, images, research and more

Sugar Research and Development Corporation

Sugar Various Reports, facts sheets and more.
Murray-Darling Basin Authority Agriculture Various Fact sheets and information on farming in the Murray-Darling Basin
WetlandCare Australia All Various Range of facts sheets, reports, services including
e-water All Various Case studies, publications, scientific information
River Landscapes All Various Projects, publications, tools and training
Queensland Farmers' Federation (QFF) Agriculture Various QFF provides information on different types of farming practices, fact sheets, reports, training opportunities, media releases and more.
Cotton catchment communities CRC

Cotton Various Reports, fact sheets and other information
CANEGROWERS Sugar Various Case studies, best management practice, fact sheets, tools, training, classifieds and more

Growcom Horticulture Various Case studies, best management practice, training, reports and more

Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (Fisheries) - Habitats Fisheries Various Policies, guidelines, information, research opportunities and more
Land and Water Australia All Various Case studies, fact sheets, tools, research programs and reports
Clearwater Urban Various Training, events, tools, fact sheets, reports, guidelines and more

Select legislation to include in the fact sheet:

Regulatory planning

Planning instruments
The Sustainable Planning Act 2009 establishes the legal framework for land use planning and development assessment in Queensland.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

The State Planning Policy (SPP) sets out the State’s interests to be addressed through regional plans and local government planning schemes. Protection of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values are mainly addressed through the State interests in biodiversity, coastal protection and water quality. The State interest in biodiversity is to be reflected in schemes through planning policies and mechanisms that would protect matters of environmental significance and maintain or enhance biodiversity resilience to support ecological integrity. Matters of environmental significance include matters of national, state and local environmental significance. The SPP is supported by mapping of matters of state environmental significance (MSES) including wetlands of high ecological significance and species habitat. Regional plans are used to further the state's interests identified in the SPP by focussing on issues that require a regionally-specific policy direction.

Resources

  • SPP and SPP State Interest Guidelines. State Planning Policy
  • The SPP mapping system on-line includes MSES mapping available to assist in spatially representing biodiversity and other state interests.
  • MSES mapping is linked to other statutory mapping for wetlands including the Map of Referable Wetlands.
  • The Biodiversity State Interest Guideline includes references to a range of wetlands tools including WetlandMaps and the Queensland Wetland Buffer Planning Guideline (2011).
Scheduled EVs/WQOs & Healthy Waters Management Plan
The aim of the Environmental Protection Act 1994 is to protect Queensland's environment while allowing for development that improves the total quality of life, now and in the future, in a way that maintains ecological processes on which life depends. This approach is termed 'ecologically sustainable development'.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

The Environmental Protection Policy (Water) 2009 (EPP) establishes a framework for identifying environmental values for waters and water quality objectives (WQO) for receiving waters. Environmental values (EVs) are the qualities that make water suitable for supporting aquatic ecosystems and human use. WQOs apply to receiving waters including freshwater, estuarine and marine wetlands. For the aquatic ecosystem EVs, the EPP identifies four levels of protection according to the current condition of waters including high ecological value. Each level of protection is assigned a specific management intent. WQOs and EVs have been developed for particular catchments and are listed in the EPP, Schedule 1. In areas where this has not been completed, there are guidelines for WQOs for all indicators aimed at protecting all EVs. The EPP also provides for the development of Healthy Waters Management Plans (HWMPs). Under a previous program, Water Quality Improvement Plans (WQIPs) have been established for a number of Great Barrier Reef catchments and the WQIPs are a forerunner of HWMPs. 

Resources

Water Resource Plan
The Water Act 2000 provides a legislative basis for the sustainable planning and management of the State’s water resources.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

Water resource plans (WRP) provide the management framework for water resources, outlining outcomes, objectives and strategies for achieving a sustainable balance between water users and the environment. The WRP address ecological outcomes associated with the allocation and use of water in the plan area including consideration of wetlands and watercourses and, if necessary, underground water and overland flow. Technical and scientific assessments as well as community consultation are critical inputs to the planning process. A Water Resource Plan may also specify criteria for deciding an application about taking overland flow water under the Water Act 2000 or the Sustainable Planning Act 2009. This includes for example, whether granting the application is likely to adversely affect natural aquatic ecosystems, including wetlands.

Resources

  • Information on the water resource planning process and links to water planning in catchment areas.
  • Wetland tools including mapping and conceptual models contribute to the process of developing ecological outcomes under the WRP. WetlandInfo has a range of information on water management including information that contributes to water resource planning and related assessment and monitoring programs.
Pest Management
The Land Protection (Pest and Stock Route Management) Act 2002 provides a framework and powers for improved management of pest animals and plants and the stock route network.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

The impacts of pest animals and plants are major threats to biodiversity and wetland values. Pest management planning occurs at all levels - national, state, regional, local and property. At the local level, councils must regularly review and update the government area pest management plan (LGAPMP). The LGAPMP identifies declared pest animal and plant species in the area and prioritises their management. Priority actions in plans include the removal of invasive species to improve environmental values such as wildlife habitat.

Resources

Protected Area Management
The object of the Nature Conservation Act 1992 is the conservation of nature to be achieved through an integrated and comprehensive conservation strategy for the whole of the State that involves among other things, the declaration and management of protected areas and the protection of native wildlife and its habitat.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

A management plan or a management statement for a national park and other types of protected areas sets out the values to be protected and information on managing those values consistent with management principles under the Nature Conservation Act 1992. A management statement is a simple expression of management intent for an area. Management plans include strategies, actions and guidelines for achieving stated outcomes such as maintaining or enhancing wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values. For example, the removal of pest species, maintaining water quality and managing recreational uses in the area.

Resources

State Marine Park Zoning Plan
The main purpose of the Marine Parks Act 2004 (MPA) is to provide for the conservation of the marine environment.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

There are three State marine parks established under the MPA—Moreton Bay Marine Park, Great Sandy Strait Marine Park and the Great Barrier Reef Coast Marine Park. Each multi-use marine park is established to protect and manage the unique natural features within the park. The marine park zoning plan is a management tool that identifies different zones and the activities that are allowed in each zone depending on the management objectives for the zone. The plan also specifies whether a permit is required to enter or use the zone for an activity. The Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area includes the Commonwealth Great Barrier Reef Marine Park and the State Great Barrier Reef Coastal Marine Park. In this area, zoning is complementary, with matching requirements for both the State and Commonwealth marine parks.

Resources

Species Recovery Plan/Conservation Plan

The aim of the Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NC Act) is the conservation of nature to be achieved through an integrated and comprehensive conservation strategy for the whole of the State and that involves among other things, the declaration and management of protected areas and the protection of native wildlife and its habitat. 

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act) is the Australian Government’s central piece of environmental legislation. It provides a legal framework to protect and manage nationally and internationally important flora, fauna, ecological communities and heritage places—defined in the EPBC Act as matters of national environmental significance (MNES).

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

The Nature Conservation Regulation 2006 lists species that are classed as threatened or near threatened in Queensland and the EPBC Act lists species that are threatened nationally. Listed threatened species may include migratory species that are also the subject of international conventions such as the Bonn Convention and migratory bird agreements. Habitat removal and degradation are among the many threats that impact on species and contribute to their extinction. Recovery plans have been developed under the EPBC Act. Each plan states the research and management actions necessary to stop the decline, support the recovery and enhance the chance of long-term survival in the wild, of a protected species or community. Recovery plans include actions for identifying, protecting and managing species habitat including wetlands. Conservation plans prepared under the NC Act allow for the ecologically sustainable take and use of protected wildlife from the wild for commercial and non-commercial purposes.

Resources

Information on recovery/conservation plans.

Select legislation to include in the fact sheet:

Impact assessable

Matters of national environmental significance
The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act) is the Australian Government’s central piece of environmental legislation. It provides a legal framework to protect and manage nationally and internationally important flora, fauna, ecological communities and heritage places—defined in the EPBC Act as matters of national environmental significance (MNES).

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

Ramsar sites, World Heritage Areas and other MNES are protected under the EPBC Act. In Queensland, five sites are listed under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Among other things, the Act regulates actions that will or are likely to have a significant impact on the ecological character of MNES.

Resources

  • Information on Ramsar wetlands in Queensland and links to information published by the Australian Government.
  • Information on assessment and approvals under the EPBC Act.
Environmental Impact StatementResource activities
The aim of the Environmental Protection Act 1994 is to protect Queensland's environment while allowing for development that improves the total quality of life, now and in the future, in a way that maintains ecological processes on which life depends. This approach is termed 'ecologically sustainable development'.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

Resource activities may be required to undergo an environmental impact statement (EIS) process preceding, and additional to, the draft environmental authority stage. Resource activities include mining, petroleum (including coal seam gas), geothermal and greenhouse gas storage activities. The Environmental Protection Regulation 2008 sets out environmental objectives and performance outcomes for a range of values including land, wetlands and waters. The EIS must identify and describe the environmental values to be protected and how the project will meet requirements under the Regulation.

Resources

  • Information on the EIS process including the following guidelines:
  • Triggers for environmental impact statements under the Environmental Protection Act 1994 for mining and petroleum activities
  • Generic terms of reference for an Environmental Impact Statement and related specific content guidelines including aquatic ecology
  • Wetland tools support the development and implementation of EIS including the Queensland Wetlands Mapping which is linked to classification, assessment and other information available on this website (WetlandInfo).
  • EIS information guidelines:
Environmental Impact StatementCoordinated projects
The State Development and Public Works Organisation Act 1971 (SDPWO Act) facilitates timely, coordinated and environmentally responsible infrastructure planning and development to support Queensland's economic and social progress.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

The Coordinator-General may declare a project to be a ‘coordinated project’ requiring an 'environmental impact statement’ (EIS) if the project has the potential to cause environmental, social or economic impacts. This type of project often requires multiple approvals and has significant infrastructure requirements. The SDPWO Act defines the environment as including ecosystems and their constituent parts and all natural and physical resources. Among other things, the EIS must identify and describe the environmental values to be protected and how the project meets environmental objectives and performance outcomes described in State legislation.

Resources

  • Information on the EIS process under the SDPWO Act.
  • Wetland tools support the development and implementation of EIS including the Queensland Wetlands Mapping which is linked to classification, assessment and other information available on this website (WetlandInfo).

Select legislation to include in the fact sheet:

State development and assessment

SDAP Module 11 Wetland Protection Areas
The aim of the Environmental Protection Act 1994 is to protect Queensland's environment while allowing for development that improves the total quality of life, now and in the future, in a way that maintains ecological processes on which life depends. This approach is termed 'ecologically sustainable development'.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

The SDAP code aims to ensure that development proposed in a Wetland Protection Area (WPA) is planned, designed, constructed and operated to prevent the loss or degradation of wetland environmental values, or to enhance those values. WPAs are located in Great Barrier Reef catchments and comprise the wetland and an area around the wetland. The Environmental Protection Regulation 2008 describes wetland environmental values (s81A) and provides for WPAs to be shown on the Map of Referable Wetlands.

Resources

SDAP Module 10 Coastal Protection
The Coastal Protection and Management Act 1995 applies to the coastal zone and one of its objectives is to provide for the protection, conservation, rehabilitation and management of the coastal zone, including its resources and biological diversity.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

Development in a coastal management district or involving tidal works for which the State is assessment manager is assessed against the SDAP code. In general these are circumstance where the development is not prescribed tidal works or not assessable under a local government planning scheme. The code requires that the development avoids adverse impacts on matters of state environmental significance (MSES) and where this is not reasonably practical, impacts are minimised and residual impacts are offset. These MSES include coastal wetlands, fish habitat areas and migratory species habitat.

Resources

SDAP Module 8 Native vegetation clearing
The Vegetation Management Act 1999 (VM Act) regulates the clearing of native vegetation in Queensland. The purpose of this Act is to regulate the clearing of vegetation in a way that among other things, conserves remnant vegetation, prevents the loss of biodiversity and maintains ecological processes.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

Development approvals may be required for a number of allowable clearing purposes and can include assessment for a proposed material change of use and reconfiguration of a lot. The purpose of the SDAP code is consistent with the purpose of the VM Act. The code includes provision for the extent of vegetation associated with wetlands and watercourses to be maintained by restricting specified clearing activities within defined wetland and watercourse protection zones. Under the code wetland means ‘an area of land that supports plants or is associated with plants that are adapted to and dependent on living in wet conditions for at least part of their life cycle, and are shown on the vegetation management wetlands map’.

Resources

  • Information on the vegetation management framework including development approvals
  • Development application mapping system
  • The Vegetation Management Wetlands Map is derived from the Queensland Wetlands Map and application of Aquatic Conservation Assessments, available for large areas of the State. The mapping is supported by the Wetland Delineation and Mapping Guideline, a method for verifying the wetland extent on-ground.
SDAP Module 7 Water Resources
The Water Act 2000 provides a legislative basis for the sustainable planning and management of the State’s water resources.

    Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

    The SDAP code establishes requirements for development approvals for a range of activities in water areas including certain works that take overland flow and works that take or interfere with water in a watercourse, lake or spring and underground water. Under the Water Act, the definition of lake includes a swamp. Protecting natural riverine ecosystems, the physical integrity of watercourses and natural overland flow paths are addressed under the SDAP Code. It also provides that the natural processes of artesian and sub artesian systems are maintained.

SDAP Module 5 Fisheries resources
The Fisheries Act 1994 provides for the use, conservation and enhancement of the community's fisheries resources and fish habitats. A fish habitat area (FHA) declared under the Fisheries Act 1994 is an area protected against physical disturbance from coastal development. Queensland´s FHA network ensures fishing for the future by protecting all inshore and estuarine fish habitats (e.g. vegetation, sand bars and rocky headlands) contained within declared FHAs, which play the key role of sustaining local and regional fisheries.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

The SDAP code addresses the health and productivity of fisheries resources in relation to:

  • Proposed development for prescribed purposes or where there is a demonstrated right to propose an activity in or adjacent to the FHA. The code is designed to ensure development is managed to protect fish stocks and to maintain the fish habitat values of all declared FHAs.
  • The design and location of waterway barrier works is addressed in the code to ensure works are designed and located to protect fish habitats and the connectivity between fish habitats.
  • The protection of marine plant communities that are fisheries resources because of their importance in providing food and shelter for fish.

Resources

  • The mapping of declared Fish Habitat Areas is derived from the Queensland Wetlands Map and available on-line through the Queensland Spatial Catalogue and the map service WetlandMaps.
SDAP Module 4 Environmentally Relevant Activities (Concurrence)
The aim of the Environmental Protection Act 1994 is to protect Queensland's environment while allowing for development that improves the total quality of life, now and in the future, in a way that maintains ecological processes on which life depends. This approach is termed 'ecologically sustainable development'.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

State concurrence approval is required for a material change of use associated with environmentally relevant activities (ERAs) under the EP Act. In addition to matters set out in the Act, the SDAP code addresses matters to be considered in undertaking all concurrence ERAs and certain additional outcomes for intensive animal industries. Matters include the suitability of the site, the location and management of the activity on the site so that environmental values, including wetlands, are protected.

Resources

Select legislation to include in the fact sheet:

Self-assessable development

Self-assessable CodeWetland Protection Areas
The aim of the Environmental Protection Act 1994 is to protect Queensland's environment while allowing for development that improves the total quality of life, now and in the future, in a way that maintains ecological processes on which life depends. This approach is termed 'ecologically sustainable development'.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

The State Planning Policy (SPP) includes a self-assessable code for government supported transport infrastructure or electricity infrastructure projects involving high impact earth works in a Wetland Protection Area (GBR catchments). The code has criteria that are similar to the State Development Assessment Provisions code for development in Wetland Protection Areas. The main difference is that it recognises that in some cases it may not be possible to avoid locating linear infrastructure in or near the wetland. The code allows for that development to be undertaken if no feasible alternative exists.

Resources

Self-assessable CodesFisheries development
A fish habitat area (FHA) declared under the Fisheries Act 1994 is an area protected against physical disturbance from coastal development. Queensland´s FHA network ensures fishing for the future by protecting all inshore and estuarine fish habitats (e.g. vegetation, sand bars and rocky headlands) contained within declared FHAs which play the key role of sustaining local and regional fisheries.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

Certain low risk activities can be undertaken in or near fish habitat areas if it complies with the requirements of a self-assessable code. Pre-works notification is required. Activities that don’t meet the codes’ criteria require approval.

Resources

Self-assessable CodesNative Vegetation Clearing
The Vegetation Management Act 1999 (VM Act) regulates the clearing of native vegetation in Queensland. The purpose of this Act is to regulate the clearing of vegetation in a way that among other things, conserves remnant vegetation, prevents the loss of biodiversity and maintains ecological processes.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

Certain clearing activities including for fodder harvesting, thinning and managing weeds and encroachment, can be undertaken if it complies with the requirements of a self-assessable code. These codes specify the acceptable clearing practices within and adjacent to wetlands and watercourses, for example, no-machinery zones and erosion management zones. Under the codes, wetland means an area of land that supports plants or is associated with plants that are adapted to and dependent on living in wet conditions for at least part of their life cycle, and are shown on the vegetation management wetlands map.

Resources

  • Vegetation Management Wetlands Map data
    The Vegetation Management Wetland Map is based on the Queensland Wetlands Mapping and Aquatic Conservation Assessments. The mapping is supported by the Wetland Delineation and Mapping Guideline, a method for verifying the on-ground wetland extent.

Self-assessable CodesWater Resources

The Water Act 2000 provides a legislative basis for the sustainable planning and management of the State’s water resources.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

Works for taking overland flow water for certain purposes are self-assessable if specified in a water resource plan or the Water Regulation. Self-assessable codes include works using limited capacity works and works for the taking of water for stock or domestic purposes. Pre-works notification may be required.

Resources

Select legislation to include in the fact sheet:

Environmental approvals

Environmentally Relevant Activities
The aim of the Environmental Protection Act 1994 is to protect Queensland's environment while allowing for development that improves the total quality of life, now and in the future, in a way that maintains ecological processes on which life depends. This approach is termed 'ecologically sustainable development'.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

An environmental authority is required to carry out an environmentally relevant activity (ERA), either a prescribed ERA or a resource activity including mining. ERAs are industrial or intensive agricultural activities with the potential to release contaminants to the environment. The environmental authority (EA) application process recognises different levels of assessment according to the level of potential environmental risk. Eligibility criteria and standard conditions have been developed for certain EA applications including restrictions on relevant activities in or adjacent to a wetland or watercourse and environmentally sensitive areas. Conditions for wetlands are included in stream-lined model conditions for petroleum activities, developed with industry partners.

Resources

Water Quality
The aim of the Environmental Protection Act 1994 is to protect Queensland's environment while allowing for development that improves the total quality of life, now and in the future, in a way that maintains ecological processes on which life depends. This approach is termed 'ecologically sustainable development'.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

The Environmental Protection Policy (Water) establishes environmental values (EVs) for waters and water quality objectives (WQO) for receiving waters. These must be considered in assessing applications for environmental authorities, possible environmental harm and local government development assessment decisions. Waters are classified into broad types that include wetlands. Development, particularly those not connected to municipal sewerage systems, that discharge waste water to waterways can mobilise contaminants that affect water environmental values. Environmental values (EVs) for receiving waters include aquatic ecosystem protection and human use values. More information on the process of establishing EVs for water and WQO is included under Regulatory Planning—Water Quality.

Resources

  • Information on the Environmental Protection Policy (Water)
  • Fact Sheet on how EVs and WQOs link to decision-making
Riverine Protection
The Water Act 2000 provides a legislative basis for the sustainable planning and management of the State’s water resources.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

Under the Act a riverine protection permit may be required to excavate or place fill within a watercourse, lake or spring. The definition of a lake includes a swamp. These activities could require other approvals such as the owner’s consent and vegetation clearing. Certain activities are exempt from having to apply for and obtain a riverine protection permit and minimum requirements are specified to be eligible for an exemption.

Resources

  • Information on riverine protection permits including exemption requirements
State Marine Parks
The aim of the Marine Parks Act 2004 is to provide for the conservation of the marine environment.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland values

The State Marine Park Zoning Plan will specify whether a State marine park permit is required to enter or use the zone for an activity. Permits are assessed against criteria in the Marine Parks Regulation 2006. There is a joint permit assessment process administered by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) in consultation with the State in the case of permits for activities that involve both the Commonwealth Great Barrier Reef Marine Park and the State Great Barrier Reef Coastal Marine Park.

Resources

  • Information on permits for (state only) Marine Parks.
Protected Plants
The aim of the Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NC Act) is the conservation of nature to be achieved through an integrated and comprehensive conservation strategy for the whole of the State and that involves among other things, the declaration and management of protected areas and the protection of native wildlife and its habitat. In Queensland all plants that are native to Australia are protected plants under the Act.

Mechanism and recognition of wetland and terrestrial biodiversity values

A licence, permit or authority may be required to take and use restricted protected plants. A restricted plant is a native plant listed as special least concern, near threatened, vulnerable or endangered under the Nature Conservation Act 1992. Approvals issued in accordance with the Nature Conservation Regulation 2006 include a protected plant clearing permit, a protected plant harvesting license and a protected plant growing license.

Resources


Last updated: 4 July 2017

This page should be cited as:

User defined wetlands fact sheet, WetlandInfo 2016, Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Queensland, viewed 4 July 2017, <https://wetlandinfo.ehp.qld.gov.au/wetlands/resources/user-fact-sheet/>.

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment and Heritage Protection