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Definitions and classification

'Wetland' is a broad term used for different kinds of wet ecosystems or ecosystems that are wet for a period of time. There are many definitions of wetlands in Queensland and which have been grouped into different types or classes based on their diversity, values and uses.

Water in wetlands can be still or flowing; it can be fresh, salty or brackish. Inland rivers and coastal or marine areas with water up to 6m deep at low tide are also classified as wetlands.

Wetlands can be natural, artificial or a mixture of both. A farm dam for example can be a wetland—but a swimming pool with artificial sides and bottom can not.

Natural Arch, Springbrook National Park Photo by Lana Heydon

Quick facts

Wetland systems
definitions include rivers and creeks, estuaries, lacustrine systems (e.g. lakes and artificial wetlands such as dams), subterranean systems (e.g. springs), palustrine systems (e.g. swamps and billabongs), and marine areas.
 

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Last updated: 22 March 2013

This page should be cited as:

Definitions and classification, WetlandInfo, Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Queensland, viewed 12 September 2017, <https://wetlandinfo.ehp.qld.gov.au/wetlands/what-are-wetlands/definitions-classification/>.

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment and Heritage Protection