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Wetland ecology

Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems in the world—comparable to rainforests. While covering only 6% of the Earth's surface (approximately 4.1% of Queensland), wetlands provide a disproportionately high number of ecosystem services that benefit, sustain and support the environmental, social and economic well-being of people.

There are many types of wetlands ranging from rivers, swamps and lakes to estuaries and even coral reefs that also support a whole variety of different wetland plants and animals.

Wetland ecology looks at the interactions between organisms and their environment[1].

Whistling ducks, Photo by David Scheltinga

Quick facts

>1 million
species in Australia
known animal species under threat in Australia
known plant species under threat in Australia
At least 114
plants and animal species already extinct in Australia[2]


  1. ^ Ecology of the Environment, University of Utah, viewed 10/30 2012, <>.
  2. ^ Threatened species and ecological communities in Australia 6/3/11, Australian Government, viewed 2/20 2013, <>.

Last updated: 22 March 2013

This page should be cited as:

Wetland ecology, WetlandInfo, Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Queensland, viewed 8 September 2016, <>.

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment and Heritage Protection